杉全 直 SUGIMATA Tadashi 1914–1994
Born in Tokyo in 1914. graduated from the Tokyo School of Fine Arts in 1938. His early artistic style was influenced by Surrealism. In 1939 he was one of the founding members of Bijutsu Bunka Kyokai [Art and Culture Association], an association of anti-war surrealist painters and poets. The association was suppressed during the war, woth some of its members imprisoned. Sugimata left the group in 1953 and from then on worked independently and focused on showing his work in solo exhibitions, Japanese contemporary art exhibitions or international exhibitions such as the Venice and San Paulo Biennales.
In the mid-1950's, his painting style developed to become more abstract, possibly absorbing some influences of Art informel which had spread rapidly with the help of French art-critic Michel Tapié. From around 1960, a hexagonal shape started to appear in his works and this became his signature subject, producing paintings but also collages and sculptures. Sugimata taught oil painting in Tokyo University of Arts from 1977 to 1981.